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evajbclaudos
The Bobastro ruins
The ruins at Bobastro are one of the most unusual archaeological sites in Spain. Bobastro is located in an area known as Mesas de Villaverde, some 10 kms from Álora and about the same distance from El Chorro, right in the heart of the Desfildares del Chorro natural area.
It was at Bobastro, that General Umar Ibn Hafsun (or Omar Ben Hafsun), united Mozárabs and other Islamic groups to defend country life in opposition to the Umayyads. From these inaccessible hilltops, he headed the rebellion against the Emirate of Cordoba, Abdullah Ibn Muhammad, in the 9th and early 10th centuries. The rebellion he lead had a few notable victories, with Umar Ibn Hafsun successfully rallying groups of Mozárabs and Mullawads, who under the rule of the Emir of Cordoba suffered high taxes (Mozárabs at the time had to pay the jizyah, a personal tax, and were subjected to a number of religious, social, and economic restrictions that came with their status). He quickly gained influence, land and castles in Málaga, Granada, Jaén and Seville. As his empire grew, General Ibn Hafsun moved from the castle at Bobastro to the more centrally located town of Poley, now known as Aguilar de la Frontera. It was at Poley, that he suffered a massive defeat and had to retreat back into the mountains and the almost impregnable fortress of Bobastro. By all accounts, the Muladi rebel leader was a colourful character who regularly switched allegiances and made the huge strategical mistake of converting to Christianity in 899, costing him most of his Muslim support. It was around this time that he built the Mozárab church. Umar Ibn Hafsun died in 917 of natural causes and left his sons to carry on the rebellion he started. Bobastro eventually fell to Abd-ar-Rahman III's armies in 928. The remains of Umar Ibn Hafsun and one of his sons were dug up and crucified near the doors of the Great Mosque of Córdoba as a warning to others.

Castillo de La Estrella
Estrella Castle, locally known as Castillo de La Estrella or Castillo de Teba, lies on a hill next to the village of Teba in the province of Málaga in Spain.
Estrella Castle was probably built somewhere in the 10th century by the Moors. During the 12th and 13th century, under Almohad rule, the castle was strengthened and enlarged.
In 1330 Estrella Castle was besieged by the Christian troops of Alfonso XI, King of Castile. At that time the castle was known as Hisn Atiba to the Moors and simply as Teba to the Christians. When Muhammed IV, Sultan of Granada, reacted by sending an army led by a Berber general, Uthman bin Abi-l-Ulá, to relieve the defenders, the Battle of Teba ensued in the valley below the castle. This battle was won by Alfonso and Estrella Castle fell into Christian hands. Alfonso ceded the castle to the Order of Santiago.
Fighting in the army of Alfonso were also several foreign knights, Scottish, English and Portuguese, led by the Scottish Sir John Douglas, the 'Black Douglas'. He carried with him a silver casket containing the embalmed heart of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots. Robert the Bruce had died the year before and had asked his friend and lieutenant, Sir James Douglas, that when he was dead James should take the king's embalmed heart and bear it with him on a crusade, thus fulfilling the pledge that Bruce had been unable to fulfill in his lifetime. Complying to his king's last wish James Douglas, together with some 30 other Scottish knights, had offered his services to Alfonso. However, the Black Douglas and most of the other Scottish knights died during the Battle of Teba. Douglas' body, together with the casket containing the embalmed heart of Bruce, were recovered after the battle. His bones, the flesh boiled off them, and the casket were taken back to Scotland by Douglas' surviving companions.
In the middle of the 15th century Estrella Castle passed into the hands of Juan Ramírez de Guzmán, whose descendants would receive the title of Count of Teba in 1552.
Somewhere in the 17th century the castle was abandoned.
In 1811, during the Peninsular War, the remains of Estrella Castle were occupied by French troops who carried out some reconstruction works.
Estrella Castle is a hilltop castle. It consisted of a central alcazaba with a rectangular keep and an large outer ward. The curtain walls of this outer ward had numerous towers and 3 main gates. After its abandonment the ruins of the castle were used as a source of cheap building materials by the locals. This caused the disappearance of most of the outer ward and even the alcazaba was thoroughly stripped of its valuable ashlar blocks and windows.
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  • 29.7.2019
  • 18 zobrazení
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evajbclaudos
Fuente Camacho

The origin of this settlement in Granada is due to the salt. In Fuente Camacho there is an important aquifer from which water with a high saline concentration emanates. The Salado River arises here and it was used to obtain the salt destined for consumption or conservation of food.
We are used to see the salinas near the sea but not in the countryside that is why is so astonishing to find them in Fuente Camacho. The origin of the salt here is due to the type of land, karstic. When the water comes to the surface it brings the salt with it.
This Salinas were already used by Romans and by Arabs too.
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 21.7.2019
  • 56 zobrazení
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evajbclaudos
The Dolmen de Viera

The Dolmen de Viera or Dolmen de los Hermanos Viera is a dolmen—a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb—located in Antequera, province of Málaga, Andalusia, Spain. It is located only 70 metres (230 ft) from the Dolmen de Menga and about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) of another structure known as Tholos de El Romeral. It was discovered between 1903 and 1905 by brothers Antonio and José Viera from Antequera, who also discovered El Romeral.

Tholos de El Romeral
Tholos de El Romeral, situated 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) north east of the town of Antequera (Andalusia), is one of the most important examples of Neolithic architecture in southern Europe. Tholos de El Romeral, also known as Cueva de Romeral (Cave of Romeral) and Dolmen de Romeral, is a megalithic burial site built circa 1800 BCE.

The Dolmen of Menga
The Dolmen of Menga (Spanish: Dolmen de Menga) is a megalithic burial mound called a tumulus, a long barrow form of dolmen, dating from the 3750-3650 BCE approx. It is near Antequera, Málaga, Spain.
It is one of the largest known ancient megalithic structures in Europe. It is 27.5 metres (90 ft) long, 6 metres (20 ft) wide and 3.5 metres (11 ft) high, and was built with thirty-two megaliths, the largest weighing about 180 tonnes (200 tons). A very rare singularity, in megalithic buildings, is the presence of a deep and narrow well in the bottom of the chamber. It presents in the first orthostat of the corridor a series of anthropomorphic engravings in the form of a cross as well as a star.

Fuente de los Cien Caños

The Natural Monument Fuente de los Cien Caños - Source of the Guadalhorce river is located in individual walls of a limestone slope of the Sierra de San Jorge, in Villanueva del Trabuco. Here the water flows through a high number of emergences, and has always been collected by many different irrigation systems with the top and bottom ones connected by a huge number of pipes. The water flow results in an impressive show that gives light to the Guadalhorce river.
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  • 18.7.2019
  • 16 zobrazení
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falcon68
With love of handcrafted guitars from South Moravia.
I pride myself on 100% manual production without the use of CNC or other programmable machine, so each guitar is unique original.
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  • 17.7.2019
  • 12 zobrazení
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falcon68
With love of handcrafted guitars from South Moravia.
I pride myself on 100% manual production without the use of CNC or other programmable machine, so each guitar is unique original.
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 17.7.2019
  • 9 zobrazení
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falcon68
With love of handcrafted guitars from South Moravia.
I pride myself on 100% manual production without the use of CNC or other programmable machine, so each guitar is unique original.
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 17.7.2019
  • 14 zobrazení
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falcon68
With love of handcrafted guitars from South Moravia.
I pride myself on 100% manual production without the use of CNC or other programmable machine, so each guitar is unique original.
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 17.7.2019
  • 6 zobrazení
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z123
You can drive to the rigt and after 5km and few serpentines You´ll be down on the asphalt road. You can also drive to the left - there is beautifull 16km old mountain scenic road - it is little bit technical but not dangerous - but there is Toll 15Euros. Usually they drive there 4WD cars or quadbikes, but if your car is not too low, you can drive there - nám řekla paní domácí z chaty u svišťů - Le chalet Les marmottes Colle di Tenda 1800m. Výběrčí mýta po 3km se na minibus s loděmi netvářil vůbec překvapeně a tak jsme nic netuše začali stoupat k horní stanici lanovky, kde jsme si vyfotili sviště. A pak to začlo. Kdybych tušil, o co se jedná, nikdy bych tam svižníkem nejel a byl o hromadu silných zážitků chudší. V životě jsem neujel tolik km na 1 - a´t už do kopce či z kopce. Spolujezdkyně by se prý nejradši po 0,5km od mýtného vrátila, ale když už jsme zaplatili, tak si to užijem. Něco na způsob strašidelného zámku, tam taky platíš, aby ses bál. Přesně podle mého oblíbeného hesla - "Zážitek nemusí být dobrý, hlavně když je silný" ... i když za tenhle jsme všichni rádi ...
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  • 14.7.2019
  • 193 zobrazení
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jirca6
Je první prodloužený víkend měsíce bouří. Ocelový oř nás veze na Chrudimsko. Někteří kamarádi jsou zde již od středy, nás čeká velký hudební večer na campu Horka, plánujeme celodenní sobotní vandr a pak oslava kamarádčinejch narozenin. Cestou obědváme a pak již vítání na fleku. Následují hodiny a hodiny parádní muziky, vtipy a vyprávění. Pod hvězdy jdem až ve dvě. Je sobotní slunečné ráno. po kávě vyrážíme na střeku. Přes les pod Chocholický rybník a podél potoka Žejbro na Podskalí. Po malé limošce v bistru na nábřeží stoupáme nad Vrbatův Kostelec. Polní cesta od koní mezi poli s máky a zlatavým obilím působí nostalgicky. Hřebenovkou po zelené, míjíme Leštinu a ve Skutíčku si děláme pauzu. U jedné hodné paní bereme vodu a stoupáme cestou na Prosetínské lomy. Od Kamenného valu děláme okruh po kamenické stezce Skutečských lomů. Příroda i počasí jsou krásné, každý lom je trochu jiný a i když jsem tu již párkrát byl, pokaždé je na co nového koukat. Těšíme se na limču v Rybárně, ale veškeré občerstvení je z důvodu velké svatby zavřené. U potápěčů Boban vyloudil láhev neperlivé vody a jdem ještě na najvětší lom Zvěřinov a pak se zchladit do kaňonu. Podobný nápad má více lidí, a tak je to tu jak na plovárně. Po 20km vejšlapu se z nejbližší zastávky vracíme vláčkem zpět. Je podvečer a oslavy narozenin jsou již v proudu. Dodatečně přejem Hadačce vše nejlepší a přidáváme se k veselí a bužírování. Noc na neděli byla teplá, ale nad květnatou loukou se zatahují mraky. Rozsáhlá snídaně a loučení. Opět se rozjedem na všechny strany, aby jsme se časem zas někde potkali. Tak Zdení, ještě jednou děkujem za pohostinnost a ahóóój.

a Pavlušákovo vido...... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kid3Om5Z1S8&feature=youtu.be
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 7.7.2019
  • 193 zobrazení
  • 2
zosha
Doplňující součást aukce 6950367801
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  • 5.7.2019
  • 14 zobrazení
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kattty
UNEDITED PREVIEWS, WHICH AREN´T FOR USE! If you want to buy some photos, write me please PM https://www.facebook.com/dog.horse.photo or e-mai: info@kattty.eu

NEUPRAVENÉ NÁHLEDY, KTERÉ NEJSOU VHODNÉ PRO PREZENTACI! POKUD MÁTE O NĚJAKÉ FOTKY ZÁJEM, NAPIŠTE MI PROSÍM NA E-MAIL: info@kattty.eu nebo do zprávy na: https://www.facebook.com/dog.horse.photo a domluvíme se. Děkuji!
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  • 17.6.2019
  • 346 zobrazení
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kozel83
Kategorie: kulturaudálosti
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  • 16.6.2019
  • 20 zobrazení
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kozel83
Kategorie: kulturaudálosti
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  • 16.6.2019
  • 18 zobrazení
  • 0
kozel83
Kategorie: kulturaudálosti
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  • 15.6.2019
  • 27 zobrazení
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kozel83
Kategorie: kulturaudálosti
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  • 13.6.2019
  • 22 zobrazení
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kozel83
Kategorie: kulturaudálosti
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 12.6.2019
  • 15 zobrazení
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raiben
Legend Airways “Liberty” DC-3C, N25641, serial number 9059 - Based out of Barkston Heath Airfield, England, part of the 61stTroop Carrier Group, Drop zone Normandy, Drop hour 02:32, 2ndBattalion, 507thPIR.

C-53-DO Skytrooper 42-68830 “D-Day Doll” N45366 – 434th Troop carrier group, 72nd Troop carrier squadron, RAF Aldermaston, England. Veteran of operations - Overlord (D-Day), Market Garden, Repulse (Bastogne), Varsity (crossing the Rhine).

C-47A-15-DK 42-92847 “That’s all, brother” – N47TB – 87th Troop carrier squadron, 438 Troop carrier group, RAF Green Common. In late hours of 5th of June 1944 was carrying members of the 2nd Battalion, 502nd PIR, 101st Airborne Division towards drop zone A, near St. Mere – Eglise. Drop hour 00:48. Other missions – Operation Dragoon (southern France 07/44), Market – Garden, the Siege of Bastogne, Varsity.

C-47 A-60-DL Skytrain “Daisy” - Daisy took part in the parachuting drop on D-Day on June 6, 1944, dropping members of “Easy Company”, 101st Airborne Division.

C-47 “Placid Lassie” N74589 - The Aircraft was built in 1943 in Long Beach, California by the Douglas Aircraft Company as a C-47. She was Army Air Force order number AC-20669 and cost $109,683.00. Her contract number (or serial) number was 9926. On 26 July 1943 she was turned over to the U.S. Government and assigned the military registration number 42-24064.
D-Day history
The leading parachute drops in the Normandy invasion were codenamed ALBANY (101st Division) and BOSTON (82nd Division). 13 waves of C-47s in ALBANY dropped pathfinders and troops into three Landing Zones (LZ) from 00:20 to 01:43. 14 waves of C-47s in BOSTON dropped pathfinders and troops into another three LZs from 01:21 to 02:44. Meanwhile back in England, Placid Lassie and the 74th took off at about 0200 towing Waco gliders. They were part of the CHICAGO mission carrying troops and equipment for the 101st. They took off from Aldermaston at 02:00, formed up at 1000 feet and flew to their first checkpoint. They dropped down to 500 feet and crossed the Channel. Checkpoints Austin, Elko, Flatbush, Gallup, Hoboken, Reno and crossed the coast at Muleshoe at about 03:49. A and B flights spread the formation laterally. LZ E was near Hiesville, France with one side along the road between Ste. Marine-du-Mont and les Forges about a mile behind Utah beach. One plane from CHICAGO (71st TCS) was shot down. The 74th came over the release zone at 450 feet six minutes early and released the gliders. About half of the gliders landed within two miles of the LZ.

Market Garden History
Placid Lassie and the 74th TCS flew four missions in four days consisting first of parachutes, then two glider missions and finally a resupply. 2nd glider mission was in extremely bad weather with gliders out of visual contact with the tow planes.
17 Sept: Southern Route: 74th was in the second serial, just a fewminutes behind the pathfinders, and dropped 2nd Battalion, 501st Parachute Regiment, 101st into LZ A (outside of Veghel) at 13:06. One C-47 from the pathfinders was shot down as one C-47 from the Lassie’s Serial was lost (from 73rd TCS)
18 Sept: Northern Route: Placid Lassie was in the first Serial taking off at about 11:20 and realeasing her glider carrying elements of 1st Bn, 401st Glider Infantry Rgt, 101st at 14:37 into LZ W. Two C-47s from her Serial were lost (from 72nd TCS)
19 Sept: Southern Route: The 74th flew in the 6th Serial of a 10 serial mission to bring artillery towing gliders with elements of the 321st Glider Field Artillery Bn, 101st to DZ W. The mission took off between 1130 adn 1320 into poor weather with clouds at 1200 feet. The weather deteriorated and was zero visability by the time that they hit the coast. Gliders could not see tow C-47s. Across the channgel the could cover was at 200 feet. 82 gliders aborted over England, 17 ditched in the channel, 31 broke free over Belgium and 213 made it to the target. The 74th made it the drop zone at 15:45 with could cover at 600 feet and visability less than 1 mile. Entense flak was encoutered en route. 17 C-47s were lost and 5 made hard landings. 70% of the planes took hits. 1st Lt. Lundgren (Placid Lassie’s former co-pilot) was killed when his plane crashed.
20 Sept: Southern Route: the 74th dropped supplies, mostly ammunition, for the 82nd in the late afternoon (16:48 to 17:49) at altitudes from 400 feet to 1800 feet into DZ-O
23 Sept: the 74th towed gliders to resupply the 101st.
26 Sept: the 74th dropped artillery shells to resupply the 101st into LZ W at 16:41.

C-47 N147DC “Mayfly” – Heavy glider unit, took part in Arnhem, D-Day operations.
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  • 5.6.2019
  • 62 zobrazení
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atana
Páteční elektrická činění.

Páteční elektrické činění 19.přední hlídky Royal Rangers – Příbram, přineslo opět něco nového do odpoledního slunečného pátku. Oddíl se sešel, jak už tomu bývá zvykem u páté základní školy. Bobři i Tygřice se dnes snažili být lepšími ve všem než jindy, šlo o body. Hodnotili sami sebe. Bobři hodnotili družinu Tygřic a družina Tygřic hodnotila družinu Bobrů.
První body přineslo jen sepsání toho kdo co sebou má, co si zapomněl a také včasný a hezký nástup s pokřikem.
Na Ponorce, na našem oblíbeném místě se začalo se stavbou elektrického obvodu. Multivibrátoru, prostě blikače. Chvilka šikovnosti a chvilka poznání něčeho nového přineslo očekávaný výsledek. První se rozblikalo zapojení Bobrů a i Tygřicím se vedlo dobře. Stavba pomalu přešla v nácvik obvazové dovednosti, správně zavázat ruku, nebo koleno či hlavu, není jen tak. Chvilku to vše vypadalo jako v mumifikační dílně.
Takovouto dovednostní část vystřídala část s fyzickou náročností, úpolové hry, přetahy a boje, při kterých hned tak boule nevzniknou a při kterých se menší prohra neobrečí, ba naopak, povzbudí do dalšího snažení.
Chvilka s Písmem a povídáním o Samaritánovi, ukončila schůzku. Byla rovněž vyhlášena soutěž o stavbu vesmírné lodi Apollo, nebo Měsíčního modulu.

19.přední hlídka Royal Rangers – Příbram
24.5.2019

Friday electric tanning.

Friday Electric Rangers - Pribram's Friday's Electric Patrol brought something new again in the afternoon sunny Friday. The section met, as is customary in the fifth primary school. Both beavers and tigers tried to be better in everything than ever before. They rated themselves. The beavers rated the Tygřic party and the team of Tigers evaluated Bobrová's retinue.
The first points brought only the writing of who has what to do with what he forgot and also the timely and nice arrival with a cry.
The construction of the electric circuit started at Ponorka, our favorite place. Multivibrator, just blinkers. A moment of skill and a moment of knowing something new brought the expected result. The first was the engagement of the Beavers, and the Tigers were doing well. The building has slowly moved into the practice of dressing skills, to properly tie a hand, or a knee or head, not just. For a moment it all looked like a mummification workshop.
Such a skill part was replaced by a part with physical difficulty, combative games, over-strokes and struggles, in which the bulge does not arise and in which the smaller loss does not cry, and vice versa, encourages further effort.
A moment with Scripture and talking about the Samaritan, she ended the meeting. A competition for the construction of the Apollo spacecraft or the Moon module was also announced.

19th Front Patrol Royal Rangers - Pribram
24.5.2019
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 24.5.2019
  • 9 zobrazení
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atana
Včera proběhlo další kolegium, 48. klubu oldskautů Jestřábi, Praha.
Naším cílem byla návštěva okraje Prahy, konkrétně Uhříněvsi.
Zde v odpoledním čase za drobného deště, jenž je požehnáním, jsme navštívili místní můzeum. V expozicích nám byla představena historie Uhříněvsi a také současnost. Měli jsme možnost vidět několik předmětů z doby druhé světové války a seznámit se s jejich historií. Jednalo se o předměty z válečné Operace Anthropoid. Několik příslušníků výsadkové skupiny (včetně Gabčíka a Kubiše) působilo v okolí Uhříněvsi. V muzejních sbírkách jsou umístěny cenné předměty z jejich výstroje a výzbroje.
Po prohlídce muzea, následovala naše cesta do míst kam pravděpodobně Jaroslav Foglar umístil část příběhu z knihy Tajemná řásnovka. Územní rozložení a popis v knize odpovídá těmto místům. Ulice - U satrého mlýna s velmi mírným sklonem od železničního přejezdu až k novému náměstí. Několik rybníků a další indicie.
Součástí této malé výpravy byla i návštěva zapomenuté skautské klubovny z druhoválečných let, na faře.
Trochu k historii klubovny. Budova je součástí fary. Za druhé světové války, se skupina chlapců ve věku 12 až 15 let, rozhodla pokračovat ve skautingu.
Vzhledem k tomu, že byli rovněž ministranti při zdejší farnosti, jim farář s povědomím dalších dobrých lidí umožnil si zde zřídit klubovnu. Po celou válku se tak chlapci scházeli na faře ke svým skautským schůzkám. Byl to velký Bobřík disciplíny. Nikdo nesměl nic říci ani se jinak prozradit. Bylo to po pod "pláštěm", studia písma a přípravy ministrantů na mše.
Pak v pokročilém deštivém večeru, jakoby podzimním Foglarovském, se rozcházíme rukou dáním a spřáním krásných dní, do svých domovů.
Yesterday was another college, 48th club oldskaut Jestřábi, Prague.
Our goal was to visit the outskirts of Prague, namely Uhříněves.
Here in the afternoon, during a small rain, which is a blessing, we visited the local museum. The expositions show us the history of Uhříněves and the present. We had the opportunity to see several items from the time of World War II and get to know their history. They were items from Operation Anthropoid. Several members of the airborne group (including Gabcik and Kubis) worked in the vicinity of Uhříněves. The museum collections contain valuable items from their equipment and armaments.
After a tour of the museum, our journey followed to places where Jaroslav Foglar probably placed a part of the story from the book Mysterious Yarns. Territorial distribution and description in the book corresponds to these places. Street - Near a small mill with a very slight slope from the railway crossing to the new square. Several ponds and other clues.
Part of this small expedition was also a visit to the forgotten Scout Clubhouse from the Second World War, at the rectory.
A little bit about the clubhouse history. The building is part of the rectory. During World War II, a group of boys between 12 and 15 years old decided to continue scouting.
Since they were also ministers at the local parish, the parish priest, with the knowledge of other good people, allowed them to set up a clubhouse. Throughout the war, the boys gathered at the rectory for their scout meetings. He was a great beaver of discipline. Nobody could say anything or divulge. It was under the "cloak", the scripture study and the preparation of the ministers for mass.
Then in the advanced rainy evening, as if in the autumn Foglarian, we divide our hands by giving and mating beautiful days to our homes.
více  Zavřít popis alba 
  • 16.5.2019
  • 18 zobrazení
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reklama